Swelling in the jaw is the most common symptom of osteosarcoma, which the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology highlights as a type of bone tumor that can affect the jaw. This swelling may be visible on the side of your face, but it can also occur inside your mouth. The roof of your mouth may be swollen as well, or you may notice swelling beneath your teeth – depending on the location of the tumor. This inflammation is caused by the growth of the tumor inside the bone, and if it leads to gum irritation, your dentist may recommend using a toothbrush with extra-soft bristles such as the Colgate ® 360° ® Enamel Health ™ .
Most parathyroid tumors are benign. Only about 100 cases of parathyroid cancer are diagnosed each year in the US. Parathyroid cancer causes the parathyroid to make too much PTH, increasing the amount of calcium in the blood. People with a family history of parathyroid tumors or a hereditary condition called multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 1 or 2 have a greater risk of developing this type of cancer. Symptoms include a lump in the neck, bone pain, kidney problems, and other disorders related to having too much calcium in the blood.